Injured, stretched or torn muscles, tendons and ligaments
- Remember the word RICE for general treatment – Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation for the first 72 hours after injury.
- Parents should consult a medical professional to determine the extent of the child’s injury and to endure no bones are broken.
- Encourage parents to follow up with a doctor if child: 1) has severe or uncontrolled pain, 2) has a foot or ankle that is misshapen beyond normal swelling, 3) cannot walk four steps, even with a limp or 4) has sever pain when pressing over the bumps on each side of the ankle.
1 REST – take stress off injured area and avoid use as much as possible.
2 ICE – apply cold compress to injured area for up to 20 minutes. Repeat icing a least four times a day.
3 COMPRESSION – wrap area wit elastic bandage.
4 ELEVATE – raise injured area above the heart as much as possible.
5 If child must use injured area, tape or splint to provide stability and prevent further injury. Anti-inflammatory pain medications will reduce the pain and swelling. Check with parents or doctor prior to giving pain medication.
Dislocations and Fractures
Out-of-socket joints, cracked, broken, separated and shattered bones.
- Dislocation occur when a great deal of pressure is placed on a joint The child’s joint appears deformed and the injury is very painful.
- Suspect a fracture if, after a fall or blow, a limb appears to be in an unnatural position, is not useable, swells or bruise rapidly or is extremely painful at a specific point.
- Only splint an injury if EMS care or transport to a medical facility is delayed and if you can do so without causing more discomfort and pain to child.
- All dislocations and fractures need professional medical attention.
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Maxine – Asia Pacific International Universityhttp://www.apiu.edu/
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Caroline – Regent’s International Schoolhttp://www.regents.ac.th/