Asthma is a lung condition usually controlled by medication.
- Asthma attacks can occur suddenly or they can develop over a few hours or day. Children who have asthma should try to avoid things that can cause their airways to tighten.
- A child suffering from a mild asthma attack will normally experience difficulty breathing (wheezing).
- In a severe asthma attack, you may not be able to hear the wheezing sound and the child may experience difficulty speaking, drowsiness or unconsciousness. A severe asthma attack is a medical emergency. Follow primary care procedures.
- A child having frequent episodes of asthma symptoms may use preventive asthma medicins. Nebulizers and inhalers are commonly used to deliver asthma medication to children.
- Perform a primary assessment and monitor the child using the Cycle of Care.
- Sit the child comfortable upright. Be calm and reassuring. Don’t leave the child alone.
- Ensure plenty of fresh air to the child. Enable the child to use their medication (inhaler) per the medication’s instructions. If the child does not have their medication, alert EMS
- Per the medication’s instructions, consider more than one dose.
- Not sure if it is asthma? Alert EMS. Severe allergic reaction? Alert EMS.
- Continue to monitor the child the Cycle of Care until EMS arrives.
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